Real estate, or real property, is the land and all improvements attached to it, such as

roads, buildings, structures, and utilities. It also includes air rights above the land

and underground rights below it. It differs from personal property, which is anything

that is not permanently affixed to the land and can be removed, such as vehicles,

furniture, livestock, tools, or jewelry. Real estate includes the bundle of rights that

come with it, and understanding those rights is essential to real estate investing.

The real estate industry is a broad one, and careers in it exist across many

disciplines. Real estate agents help individuals and businesses buy and sell homes,

offices, industrial properties, and corporation farmland. They also handle property

management, land development, mortgage banking, and research. Other specialties

in the field include appraisal, counseling, and urban planning.

Residential real estate is the most common type of real estate. It includes single family

homes, duplexes, ranches, condominiums, townhouses, and apartments.

Those who invest in residential real estate often use it for rental income or to take

advantage of rising property values. Other investors choose to “flip” houses,

reselling them quickly for profit. Also read

Commercial real estate consists of office complexes, shopping centers, warehouses,

and more. Investors who specialize in commercial property can find lucrative

opportunities in markets with growing populations or low interest rates. Unlike

residential real estate, however, commercial real estate is less dependent on

economic trends and can remain stable during recessions.

Industrial real estate consists of factories, warehouses, and other facilities used for

manufacturing or storage. It can be very profitable in certain markets, especially

those with high demand for industrial space or low supply of it.

Agricultural real estate encompasses farmland and other land used for farming and

raising animals. It is generally considered to be a safe and secure investment,

though it can be volatile in some markets due to weather conditions.

Land development is a vital part of the real estate industry. Developers can turn

vacant or underdeveloped land into marketable commercial, industrial, or residential

properties. Site selection, analysis of costs, and building are all essential

components to a successful land development project.